All material on this site is (c) copyright to the respective authors.   ISSN - 1481-3440

The AnthroGlobe Journal

An initiative to broaden international electronic communication in Anthropology





Last edited: 5 November 2005

Copyright © 1996-2004 AnthroGlobe ALL Rights Reserved

AnthroGlobe is a registered journal (ISSN - 1481-3440).

The AnthroGlobe Journal is an Open Access Journal. This means that anybody may access the contents. It also means that visitors may freely copy, print or download material FOR THEIR PERSONAL USE only.

We also strongly urge authors, who are concerned about their copyright status in this or other contexts, to avail themselves of the copyright templates which are contained on the Creative Commons website at

The AnthroGlobe web site, noted as Site, is an official publication of the AnthroGlobe Journal. This Site is subject to local, national and international copyright laws. Individual articles posted in our site are copyrighted by the individual author(s). whose personal responsibility it is to monitor their copyrights. In some countries, such as Canada, there are copyright organisations which do this for you, usually without fee.

The author retains all rights to his or her intellectual property. As with any publication, print or electronic, the possibility of plagiarism. commercial exploitation or unauthorized use exists. Thus authors should avail themselves of an appropriate level of copyright protection under applicable copyright law. AnthroGlobe assumes no responsibility or liability for unauthorized use of materials published on AnthroGlobe does not authorize copies, replications, or republication of any of the materials without express permission from the author(s) of a work or works, except for personal use only.

Except for personal use, no material, either text or image, shall be copied without the explicit consent of individual authors. For third parties to obtain permission to further use material in the Site, please contact the author or for non-authored material the Managing Editor.

By submitting a creative piece to AnthroGlobe, creators implicitly certify that it is wholly the creator's own work, that he/she holds the intellectual property rights to it, and that the creator agrees that AnthroGlobe has the right to publish the work on its web site, subject to the decisions and policies of the Managing Editor of AnthroGlobe. The creator, however, may withdraw the work and such permissions at any time.

For copyright purposes, the effective date of the copyright is that of the last amendment to the page excluding amendments to the borders present on the page.

Authors should note the following.

Web copyright, like all others, must be physically embodied in something. On the web that mean's on someone's hard drive. It is unclear which national jurisdiction will apply -- that of the creator or that where the web hard drive is located, at the moment Canada. WE THUS URGE all creators to SAVE a copy of their AnthroGlobe creation on their own hard drive and keep it there with evidence of the date of creation and/or amendment.

Many print journals send authors a form which transfers copyright from the creator to the journal. Correspondence, or the contract itself, usually indicates that the journal will not object to the author republishing. This however puts the onus on the creator, who has no legal, though perhaps a moral, say in whatever use the journal puts his/er work to.

No journalist would sign such a contract, and no anthropologist should do so either. INSTEAD, use a form of words such as::

I (the creator) hereby agree to the first time and one time only publication of my (article) entitled (>>>>>>>>>) in the (English) language in (the journal's name). (See Creative Commons at for various fomulas addressing a variety of interests).

You can add a clause specifying a time limit, beyond which the permission is revoked...

This makes it clear that you retain the right to do what you like with the material, whenever you like, and that the journal must seek your permission if it wishes to make further use of your work, such as placing it on a web site, republication, publication elsewhere, serialization, translation, and so forth, instead of the other way around.

Is Registration necessary? In the US and Canada it is not. It simply creates an additional form of evidence. However. read the following, from the Canadian Copyright Agency:

Similar to Canadian law, copyright protection is automatic in the U.S. when the work is created and in some fixed form. At one time, publication, registration and using proper copyright notices were necessary for protection in the U.S. For works first published on or after March 1, 1989, registration or inclusion of any form of copyright notice is not required to preserve the life plus seventy protection. Before March 1, 1989, the use of the copyright notice was necessary on all published works and omitting it could result in loss of copyright protection. However, there are corrective steps which may be followed to ensure that copyright was not lost for this reason.

Despite the absence of formal requirements for registering certain works, U.S. law provides many incentives for doing so in the case of an infringement action, including prima facie evidence of copyright validity, and the ability to seek special statutory damages and lawyers’ fees.

Income from Copyright

Many countries, for example Canada, France, Britain, have a central tracking organisation which monitors copying by such firms as Kinko's and universities and schools. This is NOT the same as the organisation such as a national library, which holds and registers copies of books (In some countries the deposit of books is legally mandatory, but that requirement does not apply to other forms such as letters.) The copyright monitoring agency, whatever it is called, enters into agreements with such institutions which pay either keep a record of what is copied or instead make a global payment for the right to copy. Each monitoring agency then distributes the income to the creators, sometimes to individuals or publishers (who should pass on the earning to the writer) or in a lump sum distributed equally to creators who register with the monitoring organisation. This can amount to several hundred dollars per annum. In Canada I list not only all my papers and articles but my web sites which come under the law. Those of you who have papers on AnthroGlobe should thus list those URLs, together with AnthroGlobe's ISSN number with the monitoring organisation of their country.

AnthroGlobe would like to have the names and addresses of agencies in each country -- let us know.


All material on this site is (c) copyright to the respective authors but may be copied or printed FOR PERSONAL USE.